The National Organization for Women and the fight for the Equal Rights Amendment

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The majority of Americans mistakenly believe that women and men have equal rights under the Constitution.

The 14th Amendment of the Constitution explicitly states that men are guaranteed equality under law but is poignantly silent about women. The Equal Rights Amendment ERA provides the constitutional guarantee that all men and women are truly equal under the law and that these rights cannot easily be abridged. The ERA was first introduced in Congress in and was reintroduced every year until its passage in The proposed constitutional amendment required three-fourths of all states to ratify the amendment before fully implementing the ERA.

State legislatures were given until to ratify the amendment, and Congress later extended the ratification deadline to By the time the final deadline passed in , 35 states approved the ERA, three states short of ratification. Section 1: Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.

About the Equal Rights Amendment

Section 2: The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article. Section 3: This amendment shall take effect two years after the date of ratification.

Equal Rights Amendment – Feminist Majority

The fight for the ERA, however, did not end in Now there is momentum for the 38th state. The ERA is just as needed now as it was when it was first passed in Congress in It is not just symbolic. Laws prohibiting discrimination against women are subject to the whims of Congress.


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They can be changed, gutted, or even eliminated with a simple majority vote and the signature of the President. Attacks from Congress, however, are only one way in which women can lose protection from discrimination. The conservative majority of the Supreme Court has also limited or gutted federal statutes prohibiting sex discrimination.

The Equal Rights Amendment: It's Not Over 'Til It's Over

In , the late Justice Antonin Scalia, a conservative leader on the Court, stated that nothing in the U. Constitution prohibits sex discrimination.


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  • The fight to end workplace discrimination is not over. The Administration has shown its support for a number of anti-discrimination actions, including fair housing , employment non-discrimination , and health reform for women. President Obama, with help from organizations like NOW, continues to lead the charge for equal rights no matter who you are, what you look like, or who you love.

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    You are here Home Blog. On June 30, , the National Organization for Women was founded by a group of activists who wanted to end sex discrimination. Today, the organization remains as a cornerstone of the women's rights movement.